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Author’s Guide
EDITORIAL POLICY

Copyright
The acceptance regulations of a manuscript for publication automatically include the consent of the author(s) to transfer the copyright or license to the Ecological Society of Korea. Authors will complete a Copyright Agreement Form (CAF) at the time of proofreading. The corresponding author can sign on behalf of co-authors. The CAF can be downloaded from the Manuscripts Center (http://www.jecoenv.org), or obtained from the editorial office. Acceptance of this agreement will ensure full copyright protection and help to disseminate the article to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources.

All articles of Journal of Ecology and Environment are Open Access articles distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

 

Disclaimer
The publisher, editors, and reviewers do not assume any legal responsibility for errors, omissions or claims, nor do they provide any warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to information published in the Journal of Ecology and Environment


ETHICS
Research published in the Journal of Ecology and Environment must have been conducted in accordance with institutional, national and international guidelines concerning the use of animals in research and/or the sampling of endangered species. For the policies on research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, the Guidelines on Good Publication Practice can be applied (available from: http://publicationethics.org/ static/1999/1999pdf13.pdf).
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments have complied with the current laws of the country in which the experiments were performed.
The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
Authorship
All authors must have participated in the research and/or article preparation. Individuals listed as authors must: 1) agree to be listed; 2) have contributed to the research reported; and 3) approve the submitted version of the manuscript. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and be included in the disclosure. Adding co-authors after acceptance will not be allowed.
Conflict of Interest Statement
The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors’ interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from or connections to pharmaceutical companies, political pressure from interest groups, and academically related issues. In particular, all sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated.
Originality and Duplicate Publication
No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. If duplicate publication relating to the papers of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in the journal, their institutes will be informed, and there will be penalties for the authors.

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
Authors must submit the manuscript file to the Editorial Office of the Journal of Ecology and Environment using the online submission system of the journal at http://www.jecoenv.org. Submission of a manuscript implies that: 1) the work described has not been published; 2) it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; 3) its publication has been approved by all co-authors; and 4) research described in the manuscript was conducted in accordance with the laws of the country in which it was conducted. All manuscripts are reviewed anonymously by two referees and an associate editor, and the final editorial decision is made by the Editor-in-Chief based on the referees’ evaluations.

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS-Form of the Manuscript
Manuscripts should be written in English, following American spelling and grammar conventions. The entire manuscript should be double-spaced and should have 2.5-cm (1-inch) margins throughout, and should use a normal plain font (e.g., Times New Roman) of size 11 or larger. Pages and lines should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript. Manuscripts submitted electronically must be prepared in Microsoft Word or Rich Text Format. The text should be aligned to the left (i.e., do not center or justify the text). All abbreviations should be defined the first time they are used in the abstract and in the manuscript [e.g., “evolutionarily significant unit (ESU)”, and then used consistently throughout the remainder of the text. Please organize the document in the following order: title page, abstract, main manuscript, references, tables, figure legends, and figures.
Structure of the Manuscript
Title Page:
All authors must have participated in the research and/or article preparation. Individuals listed as authors must: 1) agree to be listed; 2) have contributed to the research reported; and 3) approve the submitted version of the manuscript. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and be included in the disclosure.
Abstract and Keywords:
An abstract of the manuscript not exceeding 250 words; Keywords (at least three keywords or short phrases).
Main Manuscript:
The manuscript will generally include an Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results (or Results and Discussion), a Discussion and/or Conclusion, and Acknowledgments, but some manuscripts (e.g., reviews) may follow a somewhat different format. Following the main body of the manuscript, the following information should be provided (in order): 1) full references for all literature cited (see below for specific instructions on citation); 2) tables; 3) figure captions and legends; 4) figures (one table or figure per page).
References:
Cite all references in parentheses in the text by last name and year of publication [e.g., (Kim 2008). Direct quotations from previous publications should be used sparingly, and only when necessary (e.g., when the author wishes to draw attention to the previous author’s wording). When text is directly quoted from a previous publication, the quotation should be placed within quotation marks. Page numbers for the quoted text should be provided, and should be separated from the author and year by a colon [e.g., (Darwin 1859: 1). When referencing multi-authored publications, both names should be listed for publications with two authors [e.g., (Lee and Won 2004), but when there are more than two authors, the reference should be cited using the first author’s name, followed by “et al.” [e.g., (Kwan et al. 1997). When multiple sources are cited together, the references should be listed in chronological order from the earliest to the most recent [e.g., (Park and Kim 1985, Zhang 1999a, 1999b, Park 2001, Kim 2008). Cite an article as “in press” only if it has been accepted for publication and cite the journal in which it will appear. Full reference information should be provided for all literature cited in the text in a list following the main manuscript under the heading “Literature Cited.” References should be arranged in alphabetical order by year in the “Literature Cited” section. Do not list unpublished data, articles in preparation, articles in review, and personal communications in the “Literature Cited” section, but refer to them parenthetically in the text [e.g.,(Kim, personal communication). Reference information should be listed as follows:
Journal Articles
Choi CY, Nam HY, Chae HY. 2010. Exotic seeds on the feathers of migratory birds on a stopover island in Korea. J Ecol Field Biol 33: 19-22.
Electronic Journal Articles or journal articles available only in electronic form
Sunagawa S, Woodley CM, Medina M. 2010. Threatened corals provide underexplored microbial habitats. PLoS One. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0009554.
Books
Zar JH. 2009. Biostatistical Analysis. 5th ed. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Book Sections
Borries C, Koenig A. 2000. Infanticide in hanuman langurs: social organization, male migration, and weaning age. In: Infanticide by Males and Its Implications (van Schaik CP, Janson CH, eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 99-122.
Theses
Jeon JH. 2007. Cooperation and conflict in the human family. PhD Dissertation. University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA.
Yoon JH. 2008. Habitat characteristics of Nannopia pigmeae and Juncus effusus. MS Thesis. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Online Document
Frisch M. 2007. PhilSci archive: Does a low-entropy constraint prevent us from influencing the past? http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/archive/00003390. Accessed 26 June 2009.
Online Database
German emigrants database. 1998. Historisches Museum Bremerhaven. http://www.deutsche-auswanderer- datenbank.de. Accessed 21 April 2010.
Tables:
Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, and referenced in the text in an appropriate location [e.g., “Sodium ion concentrations were higher in treated than untreated plants (Table 1)” or “Table 1 shows the concentrations of Na+ in treated and untreated plants”. Each table should be given a short, descriptive caption. Do not embed tables in the text. Tables should be prepared using the same word processing program as the manuscript (e.g., MS Word or RTF file).
Figure Legends:
Legends for all figures should be listed in order, and the list of figure legends should be placed in the text prior to the first figure.
Figures:
Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, and referenced in the text [e.g., “The mean female body mass was larger than the mean male body mass in each year of the study (Fig. 1).”. Figures should be prepared in black and white or grayscale, and any written information should be sized such that the size of letters will be 1 mm or larger when the figure is reduced to 5 cm in width.
Nomenclature and Units
Scientific Names:
The full formal Latin name for a taxon (e.g., Homo sapiens) should be provided the first time that the taxon is mentioned, and should be italicized. In subsequent sentences, the scientific name of all taxa in the same genus should be abbreviated to the first initial of the generic name and the species name (e.g., H. sapiens), except where this usage creates confusion or ambiguity. When common names are used, the scientific name should be provided the first time the taxon is mentioned in the abstract, and again the first time that taxon is mentioned in the main manuscript [e.g., “red pine (Pinus densiflora)…”. Other taxonomic designations (e.g., family names) should not be italicized, and common names should not be capitalized.
Units:
The International System of Units (SI) should be employed for measurements. When one unit appears in a denominator, the unit should be presented as a fraction (g/m2); for two or more units in a denominator, use negative exponents (g m-2 d-l). Insert one space between figures and units, except for % and units of temperature, latitude, and longitude (e.g., 5 m, 55ºC, 500 kg). Times of day should be presented using a 24 hour clock (e.g., 0800 h, 2030 h). Dates should be presented as for example, 19 Jan 2008.
Statistical Conventions:
Means and standard errors/standard deviations should be presented with their associated sample sizes in the form “mean ± SE = 14.0 ± 1.2 g, N = 55”. For significance tests, provide the name of the test, the test statistic and its value, the degrees of freedom or sample size, and the P-value, separated by commas (e.g., Mann-Whitney U test, U = 39, N1 = 2, N2 = 21, P = 0.05). For tests with which degrees of freedom are traditionally presented, present the degrees of freedom in subscript (e.g. ANOVA, F2,22 = 5.72, P = 0.01).

REPRINTS
The author will receive a PDF file of the published manuscript.

AUTHOR FEE
Publication Fee: 350.00 US Dollars (350,000 Korean Won) 
Over-page charge above basic 7 pages (final PDF): 60.00 US Dollars (60,000 Korean Won) per page 
Fast-Track Fee (optional, decision within 1 week): 250.00 US Dollars (250,000 Korean Won) 
Author can request to waive publication fee by sending an official letter to the editorial office.